"Jan van Riebeeck"

CASA 352L (Junkers Ju 52/3m)


c/n 164

ZS-AFA Junkers Ju 52 Stephan Rossouw
Photograph: Stephan Rossouw SRP

The company CASA Construcciones Aeronáuticas Sociedad Anónima was founded in March 1923.


The Junkers Ju 52/3m was a development of the single engine Ju 52, and deliveries of the Ju 52/3m began in 1932. The type was available with floats, skis or wheeled landing gear. SAA's early Ju 52/3m's were fitted with tailskids but these were replaced at a later stage with a more practical castoring wheel.

The Junkers Ju 52/3m was the World’s first true multi-engined airliner and South African Airways operated a total of 15 of the type from November 1934 to the outbreak of World War Two. This tri-motor has an airframe constructed wholly of light alloy with corrugated skin covering. The very large cantilever wings are fitted with patented "double wing" flaps and ailerons giving great lift at low airspeeds. The fixed landing gear is exceptionally strong. They were impressed into the South African Air Force during W.W.II when all civil flying ceased in South Africa. They never saw service with SAA after the war, either having been written off or later sold for scrap.

It is not known how many Ju 52/3m's were actually built because all factory records were destroyed during Allied bombing of strategic German installations and figures as high as 18 000 have been mentioned. However, this figure seems somewhat optimistic and the actual number is probably somewhere between 5000 and 8000 aircraft in total. Post World War Two the French built over 400 with the designation AAC.1 Toucan and CASA in Spain built 170 for the Spanish Air Force under the designation CASA 352. SA Historic Flight's is a CASA 352L. The versatility of the Ju 52/3m meant that the type was used for many roles – airliner, ambulance, troop transport and even as a bomber.

The Junkers Ju 52/3m changed pre World War Two South African aviation by providing safe, fast and comfortable air travel around the Union of South Africa and later into Africa. The aircraft was by far the leading European civil airliner of the 1930's, seating 15 to 17 in single seats each side of the central aisle.


A detailed account of the acquisition and restoration to flying condition of ZS-AFA can be found on the page SAA Museum History

The Junkers Ju 52/3m offers the romance of the pioneering days of airlines. Captain Flippie Vermeulen once remarked "The sound is music, the smell is perfume and the movement is pure pleasure".

ZS-AFA was built in 1954 and has carried the following registrations.

T.2B-273 Spanish Air Force
G-BFHE registered to Doug Arnold and stored for a while at Blackbushe Airport in England

Details of the first commercial flight of ZS-AFA taken from the logbook of Flight Engineer Steve Morrison are recorded below.
1 November 1986 - Junkers Ju 52 ZS-AFA

Captain: Brian Wallace
First Officer: Dawie Uys
Flight Engineer: Steve Morrison
Journey: Johannesburg – local
Flight number: Ju 254
Time: 09:05 - 09:55 - total 0:50
Passengers: 14

Remarks: First Ju 52 commercial flight as ZS-AFA after Certificate of Airworthiness awarded.
VIP Passengers paid the sum of R1:00.

The above crew were involved in the restoration and C of A (Certificate of Airworthiness) certification test and performance flights of the Ju 52 undertaken at Durban and van der Byl Park.

Some interesting details about ZS-AFA

Brendan Odell.

Long-time SAA Museum Society member Brendan Odell wrote the following for the website on 18 April 2009.

Well done for doing a test flight and returning the aircraft back to its element. ZS-AFA belongs to the people of South Africa as a preserved aircraft - it will always remind us how far aviation has come, since SAA's early days at Hangar 1 at Rand Airport.

To clear up any confusion regarding provenance of the undercarriage and engines of ZS-AFA;

*There are three manufacturers’ versions of the Ju 52/3m;

(1) The original Dessau built examples built by Junkers Flugzeug- und Motorenwerke AG, Dessau, Germany.

(2) Spanish built examples built by CASA (Construcciones Aeronauticas Sa) as the CASA 352 and 352L (differences from the Junkers included revisions to the cockpit, including different type magneto switches, arranged sequentially as opposed to concentrically), a revised oil cooler layout, revision of undercarriage fairings and spats, fuel system differences and various other small things.

Production was post-war ending in 1954. ZS-AFA was one of the last of these to be made. Only 64 airplanes of this model were built (352L). The engines on these airplanes were ENMA Beta B-4 engines, a licence built version of the venerable BMW 132.

(3) The French built Amiot AAC 1 'Toucan' of which production initially resembled the JU-52, but post-war production included some refinements including the addition of an improved braking system (still pneumatic and Heath Robinson-esque throttle operated) and a wider wheel using the same size tyre as the DC-3 (17.00 x 16) 12 ply, with roller wheel bearings. The one piece axle was revised too.

In the late 80s and early 1990s SAA experienced numerous problems with the ZS-AFA's undercarriage, including non-availability of tyres. Many things were tried, recapping the tyres was one, until a supply of well preserved original tyres (They were "Phoenix Harburg", if my memory serves me correctly) was found in Germany. These were shipped to South Africa, but after removal from storage deteriorated at an alarming rate, and their smooth surface, perfect for grass, bit the tar just too well and tore the by now 50 year old cotton strengthened sidewalls with alacrity.

Also this original arrangement featured the true Teutonic mantra of reliability through simplicity. There were no wheel bearings instead grooved phosphor bronze bushes were slid over the axle, if not greased every ten landings, or greased with a grease attacking the phosphor bronze they were prone to wear too (just like a Citroen Traction gearbox).

Eventually over time the axles were ovalled with wear too and investigation was made into repairing this problem. First new bushes led to a seized wheel on the runway. Next chrome plating of the axle was tried - this could not be done as Martensite or severe embrittlement had taken place on the big axle (which runs in one piece on this arrangement from the fuselage to the wheel). This had been caused by the heat control techniques used at production.

Next some original Ju 52/3m axles were acquired, but alas, the same problem lay with them. Denel investigated production of new axles, but this too came to nought as the original heat control techniques could not be replicated leaving the bend in the axle either too soft or too brittle. In the end the aircraft was parked in the SAA Apprentice Training School and remained un-flown for some four or five years until it was ferried to Swartkop in 1999. It then participated in one air show and remained un-flown again, until by the initiative of Captain Tony van Eeden the project was restarted in 2003 - the aircraft then being part of Transnet.

A chance look on revealed a photograph of a Amiot AAC 1 Toucan at Duxford on static display, standing, as it were, on the solution! The revised Amiot undercarriage with the different axle incorporating wheel bearings, expander tube brakes and available tyres was perfect. A couple of phone calls later and a visit, the deal was done! ZS-AFA was jacked up, her main undercarriage removed, bar the "Kronprintz struts" (Junkers version of oleos) and sent to England.

A team from Transnet and SAA did the swop and within a few days the replacement undercarriage was at Swartkop waiting to be fitted. The most challenging was removing the wheel rims from the tyres, as the tyres had been pumped with solid rubber for display! A selection of hacksaws, kitchen knives and angle grinders did the job and after about two weeks we could send the rims and axles for NDI.

The brakes were overhauled in Switzerland by Ju-Air, who use the same wheel/brake arrangement. Then a prolonged period of inactivity brought the project to a halt until 2005, when by necessity, the aircraft had to be flown out. The engine components were all overhauled, instruments all overhauled and new radios fitted - I spent about R 500 000 of our Transnet "grant" on that. Finally the airplane was taxi tested and flown to FAJS with all the associated fanfare and sing-song, where it has remained until now.

The engines were originally the ENMA Beta engines (which are only licence built BMW 132s, BMW 132s being metricated Pratt & Whitney Hornets themselves (Copyright free culture pre WWII). Due to ongoing lack of spares SAA re-engined ZS-AFA with Pratt & Whitney R-1340-AN-1 engines as fitted to the Harvard. The modification incorporates the original T-6 cowlings with a custom made carburettor heat system and a custom made engine mount.

Propeller control is by the original Ratier Figeac/Hamilton Standard constant speed unit as used on the T-6, but custom actuated electrically, much like the Douglas DC-6 with toggle switches and motors. The propeller itself is also the Hamilton Standard 12D40 as used on the Harvard, providing the unique sound that ZS-AFA has. Interestingly enough, the original oil system is retained, so unlike aircraft like the DC-3, it has no hopper in the oil tank allowing oil to warm quickly. On a cold day it can take up to 30 minutes to get the oil up to operating temperature. As there are also no thermostatic temperature valves on the oil coolers like on the DC-3 and above, the only assistance the oil may get to warming up is the closing of the oil cooler taps in the cockpit! The "Kigass" type primer is no longer used and the conventional Pratt & Whitney "spider" type primer is incorporated, via the original "wobble" fuel pump, if I remember right.

Brendan Odell.

South Africa Airways Museum Society ZS-AFA Junkers Ju-52 SAA drawing

CASA 352L Junkers Ju 52 3/m ZS-AFA
ZS-AFA flying over Hartbeespoort Dam, near Kosmos. Photograph: Sonja Grunbauer

CASA 352L Junkers Ju 52 3/m ZS-AFA Cockpit
ZS-AFA cockpit. Photograph: Sonja Grunbauer

042 SLEEVE VIDEO Homage to a Lady DVD Betacam 42 A
Homage to a Lady
Price: R120.00

This 26-minute video programme explores the history of this unique aircraft from the birth of the Ju 52 in Germany in the early 1930’s and details the reconstruction of our own beloved Tante Ju. Discovered as a slightly forlorn and forgotten hulk on a remote English airfield, we follow the path of her restoration by highly skilled and dedicated SAA technicians.

Now a fully-fledged member of SA Historic flight, Tante Ju shows her paces with some of the most beautiful scenery in South Africa as a fitting backdrop.


Directed by Barry Morel

Produced in association with the South African Airways Museum Society
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Duration: 26 minutes

Language: English
© 1993

SAA Museum Historic Flight Junkers Ju-52 ZS-AFA Long Prosper-650
Junkers Ju 52/3m
“Jan van Riebeeck”
South African Airways Museum Society Historic Flight
Plastic snap-fit model
Scale: 1:125 Product Code: JU-05200C-001
Price: R250.00

Junkers Ju 52 ZS-AFA flies from Swartkop to Johannesburg International Airport

Report by Karl Jensen 3 December 2005.

In 1981, South African Airways acquired the Junkers Ju 52 as part of a deal with Airbus Industrie when SAA purchased their Airbus A300 fleet. The Ju 52 represented the first true airliner that was operated by SAA when the assets of Union Airways were taken over to become South African Airways in February 1934. At the outbreak of World War II, all SAA aircraft were pressed into service by the South African Air Force. None of the Ju 52’s returned to SAA service at the cessation of hostilities.

Our Junkers Ju 52 was purchased from a collector in the UK and flown to Lemwerden in Germany where it was dismantled by SAA Technicians and placed on a barge for transportation to the coast where it was loaded aboard a Safmarine freighter for the sea journey to Durban. The Ju 52, a Spanish built example, then travelled by road to Jan Smuts Airport (now Johannesburg International Airport or JIA) on a low loader. More than three years of meticulous restoration followed. The work was carried out by numerous volunteers under the watchful eyes of SAA’s Apprentice Instructors and other specialist technicians who also devoted many thousands of hours of work to make this classic airworthy to the standards required for public transport.

The aircraft flew again only days before the Fiftieth Anniversary of the founding of South African Airways and played a major role in the anniversary celebrations. Before the public at large were able to experience the old aircraft, a rigorous certification programme was undertaken involving more than 430 flying hours. This aircraft became the basis for the establishment of the South African Airways Historic Flight.

The aircraft became a magnet for all manner of folk, especially aviation enthusiasts and the good people from Germany, Switzerland and Austria who regarded the Ju 52 as a life saver in World War II. The Junkers Ju 52 was the primary air transport aircraft for the axis countries during this unfortunate conflict and was also one of the first reliable civilian airliners. The Junkers was registered as ZS-AFA and named “Jan van Riebeeck”, although she is also referred to affectionately as “Tante Ju”.

The aircraft was used for many years on charters to all corners of South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique as well as pleasure flights from most major cities and towns in South Africa. During a ruthless fiscal turnaround campaign in the late 90’s, the South African Airways Historic Flight was moved from JIA to the Swartkop Air Force Base to become the South African Historic Flight.

The South African Historic Flight Junkers Ju 52/3m ZS-AFA had not flown since 2000. The reason for the aircraft becoming a ‘hangar queen’ was that the tire life and reliability was becoming unpredictable and problematic. The aircraft was never grounded officially; rather it was withdrawn from service due to the lack of availability of replacement tires. New tires were however available at an unacceptably high price. The SA Historic Flight management were obviously not prepared to order tires at R10 G’s per tire with a minimum production run of 100 units. This was clearly way beyond the available financial resources and thus there was little option but to withdraw this priceless classic aircraft from any further flying indefinitely.

Captain Tony van Eeden, Chief Pilot of the SA Historic Flight and at the time a Senior Captain on SAA’s B747 fleet learnt of a Junkers Ju 52 museum specimen at the Imperial War Museum at Duxford near Cambridge in the UK. The Imperial War Museum, Duxford, aircraft is actually a Amiot AAC.1 Toucan c/n 48 licenced built in France. It once served with the Portuguese Air Force as 6316. This aircraft was fitted with the later undercarriage that used more readily available and robust tyres commonly found on Douglas DC-3 aircraft, the size being 17.00-16 12 ply. The Duxford specimen, wearing the German Luftwaffe markings 4V+GH, (previously 1Z-NK) was painted in an authentic World War II colour scheme that was not appropriate for the type of undercarriage that was fitted. ZS-AFA was fitted with the earlier type undercarriage that if fitted to the Duxford example, would make it technically authentic. Tony masterminded a swap of undercarriages. This swap was carried out by Tony with the aid of his flight deck crew whilst on a layover in the UK on a scheduled flight with the aid of SA Historic Flight technicians. The “new” undercarriage was brought back to South Africa, X-rayed and refurbished to the highest modern day technical standards.

The “old” undercarriage used biscuit wheels that were braked by a single pneumatic cylinder on each wheel whereas the new wheels required bladder type brake actuators that required a greater volume of compressed air to function. This posed a problem in that the reserve pressure cylinders were assumed to be too limited in capacity for normal operations. This however proved to be an incorrect assumption as the new wheels and brakes proved to be more efficient requiring fewer brake applications for normal operations than the old gear. The process of undercarriage change to ZS-AFA took ages. Eventually, the SA Air Force gave the SA Historic Flight notice to vacate the hangar that housed them at the Swartkop Air Force Base as the Air Force required the hangar for their own use. Fortunately, the SA Historic Flight was to be taken under the wing of South African Airways again. The eviction from Swartkop was the catalyst that expedited the certification of the new gear.

As ZS-AFA had been standing for several years, much work was needed to get her serviceable again. Eventually on Wednesday 30 November 2005, the work was completed by the very able SA Historic Flight technicians aided by SAA personnel. Prior to this, Brian Stableford and myself, both retired SAA B747 Captains and veterans of the SA Historic Flight were given Technical and Emergency Procedures refresher courses with appropriate examinations conducted by Flight Engineer Instructor Willie Caarstens. The South African Civil Aviation Authority gave approval for a flight to position the Ju 52 to Johannesburg International Airport from Swartkop. A condition for the flight to land at JIA was that a circuit and landing be carried out at Swartkop prior to the positioning flight to verify the integrity of the new undercarriage, wheels and braking system.

At 11h25 on the Wednesday, the weather at JIA was adequate for a flight to the extremely busy JIA. We were to be accommodated at JIA by the co-operative Air Traffic Controllers at this off peak hour. We carried out preliminary tests on the undercarriage and braking system earlier in the day. I had the honour to act as Captain with Brian Stableford sitting in the right hand seat, barking appropriately and Willie Caarstens as Flight Engineer. We took off from Swartkop for our mandatory circuit with a touch and go landing. We then set course for JIA. Less than 5 minutes after departure, we were informed that the wind at JIA was gusty and blowing at more than 25 knots (45 km/hour) across the runway with heavy rain. There was no choice but to return to Swartkop, much to our disappointment and for those folk who came to witness the historic departure.

Four hours later, another opportunity presented itself with the weather having improved markedly. Once again we took off and unfortunately, the weather again deteriorated however with little wind blowing at JIA. After being airborne for just on one hour, we landed uneventfully on Runway 3R at JIA in driving rain. We proudly taxied the Ju 52 into the SAA Technical area, watched by many SAA Technicians who lined the way to the Apprentice Training Hangar where the Junkers is now safely housed. In my view, the coming home of the Junkers Ju 52 to where it belongs is the regain of South African Airways’ soul. The two SA Historic Flight DC-4 Skymasters will follow shortly. The SA Historic Flight will from now on operate from Johannesburg International Airport.

There was much misguided reporting in the media that the Junkers flight was to be this aircraft’s last one. This is incorrect as the Ju 52 only requires a relatively small amount of work before she is technically up to the high standard that is required before passengers can be carried commercially on a regular basis.

Karl Jensen

17 April 2009.

As Karl pointed out above, the Ju will require very little work to get her airworthy again. The South African Airways Museum Society have decided that it is time the aircraft flew regularly again and have begun the process of getting the aircraft serviceable to begin plying her trade for pleasure flights, charters and the air show circuit. The Museum hopes to attract sponsorship to keep the momentum going, especially for the air show circuit.

Under the guidance of Francois van den Berg, a certified aircraft inspector, as well as licenced on the CASA 352L, and the management of South African Airways Technical and their very enthusiastic apprentices, it was decided to give the aircraft a C-Check which was duly completed during March and April 2009.

The Museum is working very closely with the SACAA and they are most supportive of the Museum's endeavours.

The first of a series of test flights was a 1-hour flight on Thursday 16 April 2009. The aircraft flew out to Vereeniging to conduct a set of touch and go circuits.

One hour test flight, airborne OR Tambo 11:25, Vereeniging (5 x touch and go) flypast at Rand and landed at OR Tambo at 12:25

Captain: Lorrie Raath
Co-pilot: Karl Jensen
Flight Engineer: Nick Maree

Upon return from the test flight the crew reported that the aircraft flew faultlessly and that they were very happy with her.

ZS-AFA after her C-check being readied for a test flight on Thursday 16 April 2009

Photographs: John Austin-Williams


A good polish from very enthusiastic SAA apprentices
Another enthusiastic SAA apprentice

New undercarriage with 17.00-16 12 ply tyres

Gleaming number 1 engine. Pratt & Whitney R1340

Anton du Plessis. SAA Technical

Union of South Africa Coat of Arms.
Ex Unitate Vires. Unity is strength
South African Airways SAR&H
Jan van Riebeeck
ZS-AFA Cockpit

ZS-AFA cabin looking forward
ZS-AFA cabin looking aft

Museum Restoration Manager Richard Hunt and Jacques Ritchie from SAA Technical
Richard Hunt, Francois van den Berg and Carl Hubsch

The SAA apprentices that made it all possible

Test flight crew for Thursday 16 April 2009
Co-pilot: Karl Jensen - Captain: Lorrie Raath - Flight Engineer: Nick Maree

ZS-AFA engines running and waiting for clearance to taxi out. 16 April 2009

ZS-AFA coming in for a touch and go at Vereeniging 16 April 2009. Photograph: Bruce Perkins

At Vereeniging 16 April 2009. Photograph: Bruce Perkins

At Vereeniging 16 April 2009. Photograph: Bruce Perkins

The second test flight involved a stop over at the Parys Air Show Wings and Wheels day on 25 April 2009.

ZS-AFA at the Parys Air Show Wings and Wheels day on 25 April 2009.
Photo: Willie Bodenstein

Cape Gate sponsored the fuel for the trip to Parys and back to OR Tambo

To the delight of thousands of spectators ZS-AFA attended the Rand Airport Air Show on Sunday 17 May 2009.

Story by Barry Els

As part of the planning for the Rand Air Show on Sunday, 17 May, the SAA Museum Society, as owner of the Junkers Ju 52/3m, had to obtain a Special Flight Permit from SACAA to allow us to display the aircraft.

A meeting had been arranged with SACAA officials at 09:00 on Friday, 15 May to discuss our needs and we were successful in being granted permission, John Austin-Williams and Barry Els finally leaving their offices in Midrand 6 hours later at 15:00 with precious permit in hand. The long wait was well worth the effort! Many thanks to Koos Myburgh et al at SACAA.

In the mean time fuelling and preparation of the aircraft was completed for the planned departure from ORTIA at about 08:00 on Sunday.

The cockpit crew consisted of the commander Capt. Lorrie Raath with co-pilot stalwart Capt. Flippie Vermeulen and FEO Nic Maree on the centre seat. Also aboard were SAAT aviation instructor Jacques Ritchie (who was responsible for the recent C-check carried out on the aircraft) and our own ‘top gun’ organizer - project leader Richard Hunt.

After take off, the aircraft flew over various parts of greater Johannesburg as promotion for the air show. Some radio station broadcasts were also made to inform listeners about the ‘beautiful noise’ sound in the sky and the air show.

One of our DC-4 Skymasters ZS-BMH
LEBOMBO departed from Rand before the show started, on a charter flight to Botswana and Zambia – lucky pax!

The Junkers landing at Rand Airport pleasantly surprised a lot of spectators who were thrilled to see the aircraft again after many years. There was immediate interest from people enquiring as to when they could have a ‘flip’ – this was repeated all through the day.

As opening display for the show, the mass radial-engine formation flight was headed by a veritable squadron of colourful Harvards followed by a beautiful die-hard Dakota, ZS-DIW, (which made some graceful, fast steep turns, reminiscent of ‘bush war’ approaches, during its display). Tante Ju followed line astern like ‘a hound after the hares’.

Her pilots then excelled by executing a most spirited air show flying display of the highest order, which had us aficionado’s on the ground cheering with glee and proudness. What a magnificent and welcome sight in the sky!

After landing, the Junkers was parked next to TAC, near our aircraft park, by courtesy of tractor tug operator Ben Vermeulen and wing walkers, including Ken Wadmore, Sean Blaauw, Richard Hunt and Barry Els while Nic Maree kept a wary eye from the cockpit. We then allowed public visitors aboard to experience the historical ambience of the grand old lady and to marvel at her technicalities.

People were intrigued by the 3 engines, the wind-down windows, ‘steam locomotive’ valves in the cockpit, wooden ‘steering wheels’ and the immaculate instrumentation.

The external fuel gauges located in the ‘shark fins’ on top of the engine nacelles also caught the eye, as did the corrugated surfaces of the fuselage, wings and tail sections. Small boys regularly enquired about the ‘bombs’ under the engines – these are oil coolers which each looks like three rocket pods clustered together. The dings on the fuselage, behind the rear door, caused long ago by parachute static-line fasteners while in military service, elicited a lot of comment as did the stow-away, ladder-like steps used to enter the aircraft. Tante Ju being a tail-dragger, the slanted cabin was also often remarked on.

The very successful day ended with the departure back to ORTIA of the Junkers, in formation with three Harvards, two being the pride and joy of SAA’s Technical Training Centre ZS-WLP

BRAVO to all!

Chocks Away. ZS-AFA about to taxi out to give her solo display at the Rand Airport air show on Sunday 17 May 2009.
Photograph: George Hall

ZS AFA at Rand air show 17 May 2009.
Crew were Captain Lorrie Raath with co-pilot Captain Flippie Vermeulen and Flight Engineer Nic Maree

Photograph: Jens Frischmuth Hangar Talk Online Aviation Magazine

In early 2012 preparations were underway for final inspection by the CAA for a certificate of airworthiness for the Ju.

UPDATE 14 MAY 2015


CASA 352L (Junkers Ju 52/3m) ZS-AFA engine runs 14 May 2015

At 10h30 on Thursday morning, 14 May 2015, “Tante Ju’s” three Pratt & Whitney R-1340-AN-1 Wasp nine-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines throatily came to life and quickly settled down to that captivating sound of a big engine idling. Not surprisingly there was plenty of smoke to accompany the start-up and idle – the sort of eye- and ear-candy that enthusiasts of “round engines” love!

All three “dependable engines” started first time and rumbled at low revolutions for a while to get the oil in the engines up to operating temperature.

For half an hour, in the engine run-up bay at SAA Technical, a sizeable crowd, mostly SAA apprentices, stood in awe of such a rare aircraft and watched and listened and as the smoke cleared and oil temperatures were up where they should be the engineers slowly increased each engine’s speed and performed various checks and functions like propeller pitch control and engine power settings.

Once all prescribed tests and checks were completed the engines were shut down and flight engineer Willie Carstens declared… “The three engines performed as per the manual, without any defects noted.”

This was wonderful news to the owners, The South African Airways Museum Society. The aircraft has been declared serviceable and Skyclass Aviation, operators of the Museum’s Douglas DC-3 and two DC-4 aircraft, will begin the process of applying for certification of the Junkers to full passenger carrying status.

The aircraft will be used for exclusive charters within South Africa and weekend scenic flights around the greater Johannesburg area. The aircraft can carry 16 passengers and is operated by a crew of two pilots, one flight engineer and one flight attendant.

This Ju 52 is one of only a handful that remain serviceable and the only one flying in Africa.

The Museum Society has a great deal of work ahead to get the Ju 52 back in full service but certainly has the right amount of dedication and enthusiasm to follow through on all that is required to once again have the mighty “Tante Ju” grace our skies and thrill passengers.

Click here to see photographs of the engine runs.

ZS-AFA technical details
Supplied by Brendan Odell and Barry Els



Aircraft manufacturer CASA (in Spain)
Aircraft model 352L
Year of manufacture 1954
Construction number 164
3 x Pratt & Whitney R-1340-AN-1 Wasp 9 cylinder radial engine 550 bhp
Hamilton Standard 12D40
Cockpit Crew Captain, First Officer, Flight Engineer
Cabin crew Hostess
18.90 m (62 ft 0 in)
29.25 m (95 ft 10 in)
4.5 m (14 ft 10 in)
Wing area
110.5 m² (1,190 ft²)
Empty weight
6,510 kg (14,325 lb)
Loaded weight
9,200 kg (20,270 lb)
Max takeoff weight
10,990 kg (24,200 lb)
Maximum speed
265 km/h (165 mph) at sea level
Cruise speed
211 km/h (132 mph)
870 km (540 miles)
Service ceiling
5,490 m (18,000 ft)
Rate of climb
17 minutes to 3,050 m (10,000 ft)
Fuel capacity
2 400 (2 x 1 200) litres. See gauges in ‘shark fins’ on top of engine 1 and 3 nacelles
Fuel burn
3 x (150 to 200) litres per hour


List of serviceable Junkers Ju 52/3m and CASA 352 aircraft as at 17 May April 2015

Click on the Registration to view photographs of the aircraft that are on the website










Home base







Fighter Factory

Virginia, USA

Previously operated by The Great Lakes Wing of Commemorative Air Force






Dübendorf Air Base near Zürich Switzerland

Was displayed at Düsseldorf Airport Germany before as D-CIAK





South African Airways Museum Society

OR Tambo Airport Johannesburg

Purchased from England to celebrate the 50th anniversary of South African Airways. The aircraft is named Jan van Riebeeck


Ju 52/3m



Amicale Jean-Baptiste Salis

Cerny La Ferté Alais near Paris France

F-AZJU / AZ-JU (cn 103) During restoration it was found that the fuselage is an original German Junkers Ju 52 c/n. 24 but that the wings are from a CASA 352 c/n 103


Ju 52/3m




Dübendorf Air Base near Zürich Switzerland

Former Swiss Air Force


Ju 52/3m




Dübendorf Air Base near Zürich Switzerland

Former Swiss Air Force


Ju 52/3m



Deutsche Lufthansa Berlin-Stiftung


In historic Lufthansa colours as D-AQUI The aircraft is named Berlin-Tempelhof The aim of this site is to try to keep track of preserved Axis aircraft and projects aiming at preserving and restoring Axis aircraft.

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